• Common Name : Gojara / Wrinkle beak grass

• Scientific Name : Ischaemum rugosum

• Family : Poaceae

• Life cycle : Annual

• Morphological characters : The stem – is erect, purplish and usually has long hairs at the nodes. The stem bears the flower head which is long and slender.

• Root system – Fibrous.

• Culm – geniculate, ascending or erect, branched near the base. 30-80cm in height, Plant tufted.

• Leaves – glabrous, broad, often red-tinged.

• Inflorescence – lax panicle, green or purplish, of erect or spreading spikes, angular rachis, pubescent spikelets (2 mm), glumes and flowering-glumes mucronate, awnless.

• Propagation : By Seeds

• Agricultural importance : Compete for sunlight, moisture, space and nutrients with dryland crops.

• Uses : As fodder for livestock.

• Control measures : Hand weeding or chemical control – 3,4 DPA or Paraquat.