• Common Name : Ha thana

• Scientific Name : Paspalum cojugatum

• Life cycle : Annual

• Morphological characters : Culms to 60 (-100) cm long (rarely more), decumbent or sub erect, rooting at nodes, glabrous, compressed, often reddish-purple, emitting long leafy stolons pilose on the nodes.

• Root system – Fibrous.

sheaths 2-6 cm long, compressed, pilose on the collar; ligule membranous, less than 1.1 mm long. Blades 8-12 cm long,5-15 mm wide, ciliate-scabrous on margins, glabrous or nearly so. Racemes usually 2, paired, widely spreading, 4-15 cm long (usually 6-10 cm); rachis 1 mm wide, glabrous. Spikelets 1.5 mm long, ovate, pale stramineous.

• Propagation : By Seeds and stolones.

• Agricultural importance : a common grass of pastures and particularly a weed of plantations; it grows vigorously under partial shade and It forms a dense ground cover and may compete seriously with tree crops.

• Uses : As fodder for livestock.

• Control measures : Hand weeding or chemical control – Gramoxone